Ten months after the powerfull earthquake, Haiti got badly hit by a deadly cholera outbreak. Because of Haiti's poor water and sanitation infrastructure - which got even further decimated by the earthquake- the cholera spread rapidly.
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by bacteria carried in human faeces and can be transmitted by water, food and from person to person. The main symptoms are watery diarrhoea and vomiting, which lead to severe dehydration and rapid death if not treated promptly.
MSF intervened on a large scale with the set up of CTC's (cholera treatment centers) where suspected cases are isolated and confirmed cases are given an oral rehydration solution (ORS).
Hygiene promotion, provision of soap and distribution of safe drinking water are key elements to prevent further transmission of cholera.
Cholera treatment takes effect rapidly and patients can usually go home within a few days.
More than half of all the cholera cases reported by the health authorities have received care in MSF or MSF-supported facilities since the beginning of the outbreak.
Next to the cholera response, MSF also provides trauma, obstetrical, paediatric, maternal and orthopedic care services.